Order of the Liberator General San Martin
The Order of the Liberator General Jose San Martin is the highest decoration of Argentina having been established in 1943. Since 1957, it is only awarded to foreigners deemed worthy of the highest level of recognition by Argentina.
Jose Francisco de San Martín y Matorras, (1778 – 1850), known simply as Jose de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, was a Spanish-Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern and central parts of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire.
The Order is issued in the following grades: (1) Extraordinary (only once); (2) Collar; (3) Grand Cross; (4) Grand Officer; (5) Commander; (6) Officer and (7) Caballero or Knight.
The sole Extraordinary Degree award was granted to Eva Peron in 1952. Maria Eva Duarte, better known as Maria Eva Duarte de Peron, Eva Peron and Evita, was the wife of Argentine President Juan Peron and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. It was composed of 3,821 pieces of gold and platinum and 753 precious stones. It was designed by Aida Louzao and made by the jewelry firm of Ghiso SA. After the fall of the dictatorship in 1955, it was disassembled and the various pieces auctioned.
The President is Grand Master of the Order and presides over the National Council of the Order. Persons, who have been awarded the Order, may be promoted at the proposal of one of the members of the Order's Council.
Eva Peron's Extraordinary Collar
The Collar of the Order
The design of the Order of the Liberator San Martin consists of a star with rays of different lengths. The motif is taken from the first coins minted in Argentina after the liberation in 1813. San Martin's effigy is placed in the center of a medallion in the middle of the star. The medallion is surrounded by a white-edged blue enamel band with the inscription, LIBERTADOR SAN MARTIN. The back of the badge contains Argentina's national arms. The star is suspended from a laurel wreath with a corvo (the curved sword of San Martin) resting on it and above this an Andean condor with wings spread. The collar's chain consists of links with suns and laurel wreaths.
Grand Cross and Plaque
Grand Officer Plaque
Commander, Officer, and Knight
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